Coniferous Forest

Coniferous Forest

Monday, January 10, 2011

1 Intersting Fact Latitude: 61°21'25.81"N Longitude: 133° 0'10.70"E

The layer of wax on the outside of the needles, on conifers, make them flame-retardant.

Five things you should remeber... Latitude: 50°40'7.28"N Longitude: 71°47'5.99"W

1. The Coniferous Forest Biome is one of the largest Oxygen producing biomes in the world.
2. The Coniferous Forest Biome is the largest land biome in the world.
3. The native Gaint Sequoia trees are one of the oldest living tree in the world.
4. The Coniferous Forest Biome is home too the largest number of softwood trees. (...trees used for paper...)
5. The white powder from the Aspen Tree can be used for Deodorant.

Articles on how humans have influenced the Coniferous Forest Biome Latitude: 62°38'24.67"N Longitude: 116°20'10.32"E

The articles can be found her:
      Humans have influenced the coniferous forest biome by increase deforestation. The deforestation is caused by logging. Canadia was once the largest produce of oxygen, but with increased deforestation, Canadia is believed to produce more CO2 than it absorbs. If this behavior continues the famed forest of Canadia will disapear and Global Warming will be a major problem in the future.

Thursday, December 30, 2010

Primary Ecological Succession Latitude: 54°25'54.08"N Longitude: 125°52'35.88"W

The image was taken at Acadia National Park in Maine. First to appear on the bare rock are lichens and algae.  These secrete acids which begin to extract nutrients from the rock and which form tiny cracks which are widened by freezing and thawing.  As the cracks widen they trap enough organic material and moisture for mosses to take hold. 

Evidence of Secondary Succession Latitude: 61°20'19.34"N Longitude: 108°28'21.91"W

Secondary Succession is the process of revegetation of an area. Evedence that this occurs is the regrowth of small trees and shrubs after wildfires.

Phosphorus Cycle Latitude: 61°53'13.36"N Longitude: 96°22'59.11"W

Nitrogen Cycle Latitude: 64° 9'48.44"N Longitude: 97°11'36.94"W

Carbon Cycle Latitude: 55°48'15.68"N Longitude: 65°56'17.67"W

Hydrologic Cycle Latitude: 48°28'56.24"N Longitude: 117°26'3.98"W

Invasive Species Latitude: 56° 1'1.79"N Longitude: 108° 1'38.54"W

The Balsam Wooly Adelgid is an invasive insect that originates from asia. It was introduced via infected nursery stock. It caused the gauting of branch nodes and the stunting of terminal growth of trees.

Density-dependent and Density-Independent Latitude: 65°10'36.12"N Longitude: 127°26'51.92"W

Density-dependent: Factors that have a greater and greater effect as the density of the population increases. These include the effects of competition, predation, and crowding.
          ex. Distemper among wolf-packs
          ex. Infestation of Wooly Adelgid

Density-independent factors affect a population the same way no matter what the size of the affected population.
          ex. Wild-fires
          ex. Deforestation

Examples of Coevolution Latitude: 65°58'55.47"N Longitude: 115°28'11.79"W

1. Secondary Compounds: Plant products that are not important in metabolism but serve other purposes.
          ex. The sap form coniferous trees are produce to trap and kill insects.

2. Camouflage: An outward semblance that misrepresents the true nature of something.
          ex. The feathers on a Sppotted Owl give the Owl the ability to Camouflage with its environment,

Friday, December 17, 2010

Predator 1 Latitude: 62°56'36.88"N Longitude: 130°41'16.34"W

The Grey Wolf (Canis Lupus) is a lean, mean, killing....animal. Their main prey is elk and deer. They usually hunt in packs of 12 or more.

Predator 2 Latitude: 52°37'1.70"N Longitude: 116° 7'42.14"W

The Wolverine (gulo gulo) is a stocky and muscular predator. The mainly hunt moose and other large animals. However, their excelent scavenger skills limit their actual need to hunt.

Predator 3 "MAN EATER" Latitude: 54°47'30.75"N Longitude: 104°10'42.62"W

The Bobcat (Lynx Rufus) is one of the most feral predators in the coniferous forest biome. The Bobcats main prey is deer and small animals like squirels.

Friday, December 10, 2010

Endangered Species Latitude: 47° 1'52.26"N Longitude: 123°11'58.54"W

The Spotted Owl is an endangered species. There decline in population is caused by extensive logging.

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Mutualist Relationship Latitude: 51° 0'8.63"N Longitude: 107°44'6.26"W

Red squirrels and Black walnut trees live in a mutualist relationship, beacause the red squirrels spread the trees nuts and the black walnut gives the squirrels shelter.

Commensalist Relationship Latitude: 48°27'24.83"N Longitude: 121°50'26.57"W

The Spotted Owl lives in the branchs of many trees of the Coniferous biome. This gives shelter and protection to the spotted owls.

Parasitic Relationship Latitude: 49°43'6.87"N Longitude: 80°53'44.43"W

Mistletoes live off other trees for survival. They do this by digging there roots into the branches of other trees.

Competitive Relationship Latitude: 55° 4'10.29"N Longitude: 102°35'28.86"W

Coyote and foxes fight over Kangaroo rats for sustanance. This is an example of competitive relationship.

Food Web Latitude: 59°35'57.16"N longitude: 115°54'51.11"W

Monday, December 6, 2010

Abiotic Factors Latitude: 49°41'8.65"N Longitude: 90°26'34.73"W

Abiotic Factors are non-living chemical and physical factors of the environment.

     1. Soil: The soil is acidic because the cones of the conifers are acidic and it gets absorbed in the soil.
     2. Temperature: -40°C to 20°C average summer temperature is 10°C.
     3. Precipitation: 300 to 900 millimeters of rain per year.

Temperature Graph
     Coniferous Forest Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada

Precipitation Graph
     Coniferous Forest Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada

Friday, December 3, 2010

Biotic Factors Latitude: 54°17'53.11"N Longitude: 119°23'21.71"W

Biotic Factors are factors created by living organisms within an environment.

For Example:

     Bald Eagle or Haliaeetus leucocephalus

     Coyote or Canis latrans

     Spotted Owl or Strix occidentalis

     Red Fox or  Vulpes vulpes

     Earthworm or Lumbricus terrestris

     Scotch Pine or Pinus sylvestris

     Blue Spruce or Picea pungens

     Norway Pine or  Pinus resinosa

     Mistletoe or Phoradendron californicum

     Red Cedar or Juniperus virginiana

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Coniferous Forset

Photo of the Boreal Forest
Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan

World Distribution of Coniferous Forest: Latitude 46°38'53.49"N Longitude: 115°19'11.61"W

The map to the left shows the coniferous forests, which extends across most of Alaska, Canada, and Eurasia. The coniferous forsest lies below the tundra.